Writing a Thesis Paper
Writing a Thesis Paper
Writing a thesis paper, you should pay attention to the format. Your thesis should include an introduction with the short background information, main body with the supporting evidence, and conclusion with the summarizing details. If you need help with writing, we offer the following assistance: 1) sample thesis posted below; 2) thesis examples in our blog; and 3) custom thesis writing services. If you want to get a thesis written especially for you by professional thesis writer, do not hesitate to try our individual thesis writing help.
Sample of Thesis Paper
Augustine's theology reconciled conflicting Greek ideals of the ultimacy of Reason, which is necessitarian and determined, with Hebraic ideals of the ultimacy of Will, which is free, by means of the Greek ideal of perfection. Whatever is reasonable God wills, freely because of his own rational nature. Will and Reason are identical in God, who is perfect, but not always identical in men who are imperfect. Thus the Hebraic original sin of willfulness and the Platonic imperfection of created men as rational coalesce in Augustinian, and thus in much of Christian, thinking. Augustine's synthesis proved lastingly influential, and an awareness of conflicts between the numerous opposites that he reconciled have received continuing reconsideration.
The Reason-Will controversy has continued to plague Western thought to the present time. Medieval philosophers split over the issue: Thomists, influenced by Aristotle, favored Reason, while Scotists perferred Will. The Protestant Reformation was divided be tween Calvinists, rationalists deducing predestinarianism from God's perfection, and Lutherans, insisting on salvation by faith (act of will) because created imperfection ("total depravity") made sufficient rational assent impossible. Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, and Kant were rationalists. Although opposed by Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Benthan, and Mill as empiricists regarding the origin of knowledge, they were more directly opposed to the romanticists-Rousseau, Fichte, Schelling, Schleiermacher, and Nietzsche, including many British poets and American transcendentalists, notably Emerson. Rationalism took the form of logical positivism and now linguistic analysis, while romanticism continued as existentialism, represented by Kierkegaard and Sartre. There is no more serious unresolved controversy in contemporary Western thinking than this Reason-Will issue. Disagreements about it often subtly subvert disputes over other issues.
Fourteen centuries elapsed between Augustine's synthesis of opposites inherited from Greek and Hebraic ideals and Hegel's synthesis of many more opposites inherited from centuries of philosophical controversies. The Hegelian system is perhaps the second greatest original synthesis to have a major impact on Western thought. Of course, like Augustine, Hegel had help from predecessors. Significant for our purposes is his development of dialectical logic, presupposing existing opposites that flow into each other, combine in a hierarchy, and participate both structurally and historically in a totality of reality that he called the Absolute. Critics regarded his system as too idealistic. Karl Marx, who "turned the system upside down," developed dialectical materialism and a dialectical interpretation of history. Marx, more a political economist than philosopher, turned out to be more influential. Marxian opposition of capitalistic and communistic ideals persists as an unresolved part of our present theoretical and practical predicament.